Cyber Defense Incident Responder

Investigates, analyzes, and responds to cyber incidents within the network environment or enclave.

Below are the Knowledge, Skills, Abilities and Tasks identified as being required to perform this work role.

Knowledge of computer networking concepts and protocols, and network security methodologies.
Knowledge of risk management processes (e.g., methods for assessing and mitigating risk).
K0003Knowledge of laws, regulations, policies, and ethics as they relate to cybersecurity and privacy.
K0004Knowledge of cybersecurity and privacy principles.
K0005Knowledge of cyber threats and vulnerabilities.
K0006Knowledge of specific operational impacts of cybersecurity lapses.
K0021Knowledge of data backup and recovery.
K0026Knowledge of business continuity and disaster recovery continuity of operations plans.
K0033Knowledge of host/network access control mechanisms (e.g., access control list, capabilities lists).
K0034Knowledge of network services and protocols interactions that provide network communications.
K0041Knowledge of incident categories, incident responses, and timelines for responses.
K0042Knowledge of incident response and handling methodologies.
K0046Knowledge of intrusion detection methodologies and techniques for detecting host and network-based intrusions.
K0058Knowledge of network traffic analysis methods.
K0062Knowledge of packet-level analysis.
K0070Knowledge of system and application security threats and vulnerabilities (e.g., buffer overflow, mobile code, cross-site scripting, Procedural Language/Structured Query Language [PL/SQL] and injections, race conditions, covert channel, replay, return-oriented attacks, malicious code).
K0106Knowledge of what constitutes a network attack and a network attack??s relationship to both threats and vulnerabilities.
K0157Knowledge of cyber defense and information security policies, procedures, and regulations.
K0161Knowledge of different classes of attacks (e.g., passive, active, insider, close-in, distribution attacks).
K0162Knowledge of cyber attackers (e.g., script kiddies, insider threat, non-nation state sponsored, and nation sponsored).
K0167Knowledge of system administration, network, and operating system hardening techniques.
K0177Knowledge of cyber attack stages (e.g., reconnaissance, scanning, enumeration, gaining access, escalation of privileges, maintaining access, network exploitation, covering tracks).
K0179Knowledge of network security architecture concepts including topology, protocols, components, and principles (e.g., application of defense-in-depth).
K0221Knowledge of OSI model and underlying network protocols (e.g., TCP/IP).
K0230Knowledge of cloud service models and how those models can limit incident response.
K0259Knowledge of malware analysis concepts and methodologies.
K0287Knowledge of an organization’s information classification program and procedures for information compromise.
K0332Knowledge of network protocols such as TCP/IP, Dynamic Host Configuration, Domain Name System (DNS), and directory services.
K0565Knowledge of the common networking and routing protocols (e.g. TCP/IP), services (e.g., web, mail, DNS), and how they interact to provide network communications.
K0624Knowledge of Application Security Risks (e.g. Open Web Application Security Project Top 10 list)
S0003Skill of identifying, capturing, containing, and reporting malware.
S0047Skill in preserving evidence integrity according to standard operating procedures or national standards.
S0077Skill in securing network communications.
S0078Skill in recognizing and categorizing types of vulnerabilities and associated attacks.
S0079Skill in protecting a network against malware. (e.g., NIPS, anti-malware, restrict/prevent external devices, spam filters).
S0080Skill in performing damage assessments.
S0173Skill in using security event correlation tools.
S0365Skill to design incident response for cloud service models.
A0121Ability to design incident response for cloud service models.
A0128Ability to apply techniques for detecting host and network-based intrusions using intrusion detection technologies.
T0041Coordinate and provide expert technical support to enterprise-wide cyber defense technicians to resolve cyber defense incidents.
T0047Correlate incident data to identify specific vulnerabilities and make recommendations that enable expeditious remediation.
T0161Perform analysis of log files from a variety of sources (e.g., individual host logs, network traffic logs, firewall logs, and intrusion detection system [IDS] logs) to identify possible threats to network security.
T0163Perform cyber defense incident triage, to include determining scope, urgency, and potential impact, identifying the specific vulnerability, and making recommendations that enable expeditious remediation.
T0164Perform cyber defense trend analysis and reporting.
T0170Perform initial, forensically sound collection of images and inspect to discern possible mitigation/remediation on enterprise systems.
T0175Perform real-time cyber defense incident handling (e.g., forensic collections, intrusion correlation and tracking, threat analysis, and direct system remediation) tasks to support deployable Incident Response Teams (IRTs).
T0214Receive and analyze network alerts from various sources within the enterprise and determine possible causes of such alerts.
T0233Track and document cyber defense incidents from initial detection through final resolution.
T0246Write and publish cyber defense techniques, guidance, and reports on incident findings to appropriate constituencies.
T0262Employ approved defense-in-depth principles and practices (e.g., defense-in-multiple places, layered defenses, security robustness).
T0278Collect intrusion artifacts (e.g., source code, malware, Trojans) and use discovered data to enable mitigation of potential cyber defense incidents within the enterprise.
T0279Serve as technical expert and liaison to law enforcement personnel and explain incident details as required.
T0312Coordinate with intelligence analysts to correlate threat assessment data.
T0395Write and publish after action reviews.
T0503Monitor external data sources (e.g., cyber defense vendor sites, Computer Emergency Response Teams, Security Focus) to maintain currency of cyber defense threat condition and determine which security issues may have an impact on the enterprise.
T0510Coordinate incident response functions.